Drive with respect

This list is a plain-language summary of laws that apply to motorists, with an emphasis on motorists driving around bicyclists, and is provided for general information only.

6 DRIVE WITH RESPECT-1

STATE LAWS:

•    Motorists may not pass within 3-feet of a moving bicycle, unless they can do so at a reasonable and safe distance (41-6a-706.5).

•    When traveling in a merging lane, yield the right-of-way to all vehicles (including bicycles) traveling in the continuing lane (41-6a-903).

•    When turning left, yield to any vehicle (including bicycles) approaching from the opposite direction (41-6a-903).

•    When turning right, yield to any vehicle (including bicycles) in the intersection or adjacent cross walk (41-6a-305).

•    Don’t drive under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs (41-6a-502).

•    Don’t follow any vehicle (including a bicycle) too closely (41-6a-711).

•    Don’t drive carelessly or distracted (41-6a-1715) including not texting or emailing while driving (41-6a-1716).

•    Always signal your intention to turn right or left, change lanes, or stop at least two seconds before doing so (41-6a-804). A person may not stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle without first giving an appropriate signal to the operator of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is opportunity to give a signal (41-6a-804).

•    Motorists may not drive when their front or side view is obstructed (41-6a-1705).

•    Know that cyclists are required to ride as far to the right as practicable, though they are allowed to occupy the lane when:

» Passing another bike or vehicle,

» Preparing to turn left,

» Going straight through an intersection past a right-turn-only lane,

» Avoiding unsafe conditions on the right-hand edge of the roadway

» Traveling in a lane too narrow to safely ride side-by-side with another vehicle (41-6a-1105).

SAFETY TIPS:

•    Watch for bicycles in traffic; they are smaller and harder to see.

•    Don’t underestimate the speed of a bicyclist. Many bicyclists can easily travel at 25-30 mph. Recognize this when making turns and yielding to all road users.

•    Be patient when driving around cyclists.

•    Be aware of your surroundings, focusing on driving and the road.

•    Take caution of oncoming traffic when giving cyclists room as you pass them.

•    Slow down around cyclists.

•    Be respectful of other road users. Courtesy is contagious.

•    This list is a plain-language summary of the laws that apply to bicyclists and is provided for general information only.

STATE LAWS

•    Your bicycle is considered a vehicle and you have the same rights and are subject to the same provisions as the operator of any other vehicle (41-6a-1102). This includes obeying traffic signals (41-6a-305), stop and yield signs (41-6a-902), and all other official traffic control devices (41-6a-208).

•    Ride in the same direction as traffic (41-6a-1105).

•    Ride as far to the right as practicable except when:

» Passing another bike or vehicle,

» Preparing to turn left,

» Going straight through an intersection past a right-turn-only lane,

» Avoiding unsafe conditions on the right-hand edge of the roadway

» Traveling in a lane too narrow to safely ride side-by-side with another vehicle (41-6a-1105).

•    Ride no more than two abreast and then only if you would not impede traffic (41-6a-1105).

•    In some instances where an off-roadway bike path has been provided, you may be directed by an official traffic control device to use the path rather than the roadway (41-6a-1105).

•    To make a left turn, you have two options as a bicyclist:

» Use the left turn lane or two-way left turn lane in the same manner required of motor vehicles (41-6a-801); or

» Staying on the right side of the roadway, ride through the intersecting roadway to the far corner and stop.

After it is safe and legal to do so, cross going in the new direction, continuing to travel on the right side of the roadway (41-6a-1108).

•    Always signal your intention to turn right or left, change lanes, or stop at least two seconds before doing so (41-6a-804). You do not have to maintain a continuous signal if you need your hand to control the bike. Once stopped in a designated turn lane you are not required to signal again before turning (41-6a-1109).

•    The acceptable hand signals are:

» Left turn – left hand and arm extended horizontally;

» Right turn – left hand and arm extended upward or right hand and arm extended horizontally; and

» Stop or decrease speed – left hand and arm extended downward (41-6a-804).

•    Always yield to pedestrians and give an audible signal when overtaking them. Use care and safe speeds to avoid collisions. Never ride where bicycles are prohibited (41-6a-1106).

•    Never carry more people on your bike than it was designed and equipped to handle; though, as an adult, you may carry a child securely attached to you in a back pack or sling (41-6a-1103).

•    While cycling, never attach yourself or your bike to any vehicles moving on the highway (41-6a-1104).

•    Never race bicycles on the highway except in events approved by state or local authorities (41-6a-1111).

•    Do not carry any package, bundle, or article that prevents using both hands to control your bike. You must have at least one hand on the handlebars at all times (41-6a-1112).

•    You are required to have a white headlight, red tail light or reflector, and side reflectors, all visible for at least 500 feet (41-6a-1114) any time you ride earlier than a half hour before sunrise, later than a half hour after sunset, or whenever it

is otherwise difficult to make out vehicles 1000 feet away (41-6a-1603).

•    You must have brakes capable of stopping you within 25 feet from a speed of 10 miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement (41-6a-1113).

•    You cannot have a siren or whistle on your bike (41 -6a-1113).

•    You may park your bike on sidewalk along a roadway anywhere it is not expressly prohibited or where it would impede pedestrian or traffic movement. You may also park your bike on the roadway anywhere parking is allowed as long as you are parked within 12 inches of the curb or edge of roadway (41-6a-1402) and your bike does not block any legally parked motor vehicles. Your bike does not have to be parallel to the curb, but may be parked at any angle to the curb (41-6a-1107).

•    A peace officer may at any time upon reasonable cause to believe that your bicycle is unsafe or not equipped as required by law, or that its equipment is not in proper adjustment

or repair, require you to stop and submit the bicycle to an inspection and a test as appropriate (41-6a-1110).

SAFETY TIPS

•    Always wear a helmet. Your helmet should sit level on your head and the straps should be snug.

•    Ride predictably in a straight line. Don’t swerve in and out of parked or stopped cars or move back and forth from the roadway to the sidewalk.

•    Wear bright clothing that increases your visibility to motorists, especially at night.

•    Make eye contact with motorists when making a turn so you feel confident that each party is aware of one another.

•    Don’t wear headphones or talk on cell phones while riding so your hearing is not impaired and you are not riding distracted.

•    Be respectful of other road users. Courtesy is contagious.