TRAFFIC FLOW Do You Know the Law?

TRAFFIC FLOW Do You Know the Law41-6a-711. Following another vehicle – Safe distance – Exceptions.

1.The operator of a vehicle:

a.may not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having regard for the:

(i) speed of the vehicles;

(ii) traffic upon the highway; and

(iii) condition of the highway; and

b.shall follow at a distance so that at least two seconds elapse before reaching thelocation of the vehicle directly in front of the operator’s vehicle.

2.Subsection (1)(b) does not apply to funeral processions or to congested traffic conditions resulting in prevailing vehicle speeds of less than 35 miles per hour.

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Selected portions of 41-6a-702. Left lane restrictions – Exceptions – Other lane restrictions – Penalties.

1. As used in this section and Section 41-6a-704, “general purpose lane” means a highway lane open to vehicular traffic but does not include a designated: a. high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane; or

b. auxiliary lane that begins as a freeway on-ramp and ends as part of the next freeway off-ramp.

2. On a freeway or section of a freeway which has three or more general purpose lanes in the same direction, a person may not operate a vehicle in the left most general purpose lane if the person’s:

a. vehicle is drawing a trailer or semitrailer regardless of size; or

b. vehicle or combination of vehicles has a gross vehicle weight of 12,001 or more pounds.

3. Subsection (2) does not apply to a person operating a vehicle who is:

a.preparing to turn left or taking a different highway split or an exit on the left;

b.responding to emergency conditions;

c. avoiding actual or potential traffic moving onto the highway from an acceleration or merging lane; or

d. following direction signs that direct use of a designated lane.

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Selected Portions of 41-6a-704. Overtaking and passing vehicles proceeding in same direction.

1.On a highway having more than one lane in the same direction, the operator of a vehicle traveling in the left general purpose lane:

a. shall, upon being overtaken by another vehicle in the same lane, yield to the overtaking vehicle by moving safely to a lane to the right; and

b.may not impede the movement or free flow of traffic in the left general purpose lane.

2. An operator of a vehicle traveling in the left general purpose lane that has a vehicle following directly behind the operator’s vehicle at a distance so that less than two seconds elapse before reaching the location of the operator’s vehicle when space is available for the operator to yield to the overtaking vehicle by traveling in the right-hand lane is prima facie evidence that the operator is violating Subsection (1).

3. The provisions of Subsection (1) do not apply to an operator of a vehicle traveling in the left general purpose lane when:

a.preparing to turn left or taking a different highway or an exit on the left;

b.responding to emergency conditions;

c.avoiding actual or potential traffic moving onto the highway from an acceleration or merging lane; or

d.following the direction of a traffic-control device that directs the use of a designated lane.

ScreenShot337Selected portions of 41-6a-804. Turning or changing lanes – Safety – Signals – Stopping or sudden decrease in speed – Signal flashing – Where prohibited.
1. A person may not turn a vehicle or move right or left on a roadway or change lanes until:

i. the movement can be made with reasonable safety; and
ii. an appropriate signal has been given as provided under this section.
a. A signal of intention to turn right or left or to change lanes shall be given continuously for at least the last two seconds preceding the beginning of the movement.

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